History of Çandarlı goes back to 4000 BC. The castle and city took its name from the Amazon woman ‘’Pitane’’. According to the local legend; the Amazon women warriors ruled the region and mainly in the coastal city and it became Pitane – which means ‘’Women’s Town or the Queen City. The city was occupied by Hittites, Persians, Lydian’s, Byzantines, Seljuks and finally Ottomans.
The rectangular Çandarlı Castle was built in 13th century by the Genoese. The castle was rebuilt in 15th century by the Ottomans. The castle is a good example of scant traces of the thick fortification walls – reinforced by struts. The castle with five towers and crenels are impressive. Restoration works still continue.
An archaic male statue – a full sized naked man, is now displayed in Bergama Archeological Museum.